Texas Health Arlington Memorial Hospital offers a variety of procedures for the diagnosis and treatment of digestive health issues.
Endoscopy is the use of a flexible fiber optic tube to visualize the GI tract for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The scope can be inserted through the mouth or rectum, and images are viewed on a video screen as the scope is manipulated through the GI tract. The physician may be looking for bleeding, malignancy, ulcers, polyps, inflammation or strictures. In addition to visualizing the GI tract, biopsy can be done, polyps and foreign objects can be removed, internal bleeding controlled and strictures opened. The most common endoscopy procedures are:
EGD (Esophagogastroduodenoscopy): Visualization of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum
Colonoscopy: Visualization of the rectum, anal canal, sigmoid colon and large intestine
ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography): A contrast medium is introduced through an endoscope in radiology to visualize the common bile duct, the pancreatic duct and the hepatic ducts. This is often done to detect biliary obstruction from stones, tumors, strictures or injury to the bile duct. Gallstones are sometimes retrieved via an ERCP, tissues can be biopsied and biliary or pancreatic stents placed.
EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound): EUS combines elements of endoscopy with ultrasonic capabilities. While the endoscope provides access to the interior of the GI tract, the ultrasound component creates images of masses hidden within or on the other side of the GI tract wall.
Various therapies are also available to address digestive health issues:
- Modified Barium Swallow: Evaluates swallowing abilities
- Dysphagia Treatment: Addresses swallowing disorders
- Pediatric Occupational Therapy: Assesses and treats infant feeding issues