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Bariatric Surgery Options

Gastric Sleeve

One of the newest weight-loss surgeries available, the gastric-sleeve procedure (also known as a vertical sleeve gastrectomy) involves removing approximately two-thirds of the left side of the stomach. The result is a tube- or sleeve-shaped stomach. After undergoing a gastric-sleeve procedure, patients feel full with smaller food portions, and their feeling of hunger is greatly reduced, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Advantages of the procedure include:

  • Does not require implanting an artificial device in the abdomen 
  • Does not require reconnecting or disconnecting the intestines
  • The major part of the stomach that produces hormones responsible for stimulating hunger is removed
  • Far fewer restrictions are required on the foods that patients can eat following surgery, as compared to other bypass procedures, because the stomach continues to function normally
  • Can be performed laparoscopically for some patients with a particularly high body mass index (BMI)

For some patients, the gastric sleeve is the first surgery of a two-procedure plan. Like all weight-loss surgeries, the gastric sleeve requires that patients follow a healthy diet and incorporate an exercise plan into their lifestyle in order to continue and then sustain weight-loss.

Patients should keep in mind that the surgery is not reversible, as part of the stomach is permanently removed.

Sleeve gastrectomy is not appropriate for all morbidly obese patients; consult your physician to see if it is an option for you.

Sources: Medline Plus (National Institutes of Health), American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery

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