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Health Information Encyclopedia Allergic reactions 05/06/2012
Allergic reactions are sensitivities to substances called allergens that come into contact with the skin, nose, eyes, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. They can be breathed into the lungs, swallowed, or injected. Considerations: Allergic reactions are common. The immune response that causes an allergic reaction is similar to the response that causes hay fever. Most reactions happen soon after contact with an allergen. Many allergic reactions are mild, while others can be severe and life-threatening.
Health Information Encyclopedia Amputation - traumatic 08/11/2012
Loss of a body part Considerations: If an accident or trauma results in complete amputation (the body part is totally severed), the part sometimes can be reattached, especially when proper care is taken of the severed part and stump. In a partial amputation, some soft-tissue connection remains.
Health Information Encyclopedia Animal bites 01/08/2012
Bites - animals Considerations: Bites that result in puncture wounds are more likely to become infected. You might have a puncture wound if an animal's tooth went through your skin during the bite. An animal bite is also more likely to become infected in those who have: A weakened immune system due to medicines or disease Diabetes Peripheral artery disease Some animals are infected with a virus that can cause rabies.
Health Information Encyclopedia Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury 08/14/2011
Cruciate ligament injury - anterior; ACL injury; Knee injury - anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) Considerations: The knee joint is located where the end of the thigh bone (femur) meets the top of the shin bone (tibia). Four main ligaments connect these two bones: Medial collateral ligament (MCL) runs along the inside of the knee and prevents the knee from bending out.
Health Information Encyclopedia Bleeding 01/01/2013
Blood loss; Open injury bleeding Considerations: Get emergency medical help for severe bleeding.
Health Information Encyclopedia Breathing difficulties - first aid 07/16/2011
Difficulty breathing - first aid; Dyspnea - first aid; Shortness of breath - first aid Considerations: Breathing difficulty is almost always a medical emergency (other than feeling slightly winded from normal activity such as exercise).
Health Information Encyclopedia Broken bone 04/13/2013
Bone - broken; Fracture; Stress fracture Considerations: It is hard to tell a dislocated bone from a broken bone.
Health Information Encyclopedia Broken or knocked out tooth 02/22/2012
Teeth - broken; Tooth - knocked out Considerations: A permanent tooth that is knocked out can sometimes be reimplanted. In most cases, only permanent, adult teeth are reimplanted into the mouth. Baby teeth are usually left out. Causes: Tooth accidents are commonly caused by: Accidental falls Sports-related trauma Fighting Car accidents Biting on hard food Symptoms: First Aid: Save any tooth that has been knocked out.
Health Information Encyclopedia Bruise 04/14/2013
Contusion; Hematoma Considerations: There are three types of bruises: Subcutaneous -- beneath the skin Intramuscular -- within the belly of the underlying muscle Periosteal -- bone bruise Bruises can last from days to months, with the bone bruise being the most severe and painful. Causes: Bruises are often caused by falls, sports injuries, car accidents, or blows received from other people or objects.
Health Information Encyclopedia Burns 01/13/2010
Second degree burn; First degree burn; Third degree burn Considerations: Before giving first aid, evaluate how extensively burned the person is and try to determine the depth of the most serious part of the burn.
Health Information Encyclopedia Chemical burn or reaction 02/01/2013
Burn from chemicals Considerations: Chemical exposure is not always obvious. You should suspect chemical exposure if an otherwise healthy person becomes ill for no apparent reason, particularly if an empty chemical container is found nearby. Exposure to chemicals at work over a long period of time can cause changing symptoms as the chemical builds up in the person's body.
Health Information Encyclopedia Choking - adult or child over 1 year 07/16/2011
Heimlich maneuver - adult or child over 1 year Considerations: A choking person's airway may be completely or partially blocked, so that not enough oxygen reaches the lungs. A complete blockage is a medical emergency. A partial blockage can quickly become life threatening if the person cannot properly breathe in and out.
Health Information Encyclopedia Choking - infant under 1 year 07/20/2013
Choking is when someone can't breathe because food, a toy, or other object is blocking the airway (throat or windpipe). This article discusses choking in infants. Considerations: Choking may result from a complete or partial blockage of the airway. A complete blockage is a medical emergency. A partial blockage can quickly become life threatening if the person cannot breathe enough. Permanent brain damage can occur in as little as 4 minutes when a person does not get enough air.
Health Information Encyclopedia Choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year 07/16/2011
Heimlich maneuver - unconscious adult or child over 1 year Considerations: Choking may result from a complete or partial blockage of the airway. A complete blockage is a medical emergency.
Health Information Encyclopedia CPR 08/16/2011
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is an emergency lifesaving procedure that is done when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. This may happen after an electric shock , heart attack, or drowning. CPR combines rescue breathing and chest compressions. Rescue breathing provides oxygen to the person's lungs. Chest compressions keep oxygen-rich blood flowing until the heartbeat and breathing can be restored. Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if blood flow stops.
Health Information Encyclopedia CPR - adult 09/02/2011
CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped, as in cases of electric shock , drowning, or heart attack. CPR is a combination of: Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to a person's lungs. Chest compressions, which keep the person's blood circulating. Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if a person's blood flow stops. Therefore, you must continue these procedures until the person's heartbeat and breathing return, or trained medical help arrives.
Health Information Encyclopedia CPR - child (1 to 8 years old) 09/02/2011
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is a lifesaving procedure that is done when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. This may happen after drowning, suffocation, choking, or injuries. CPR involves: Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to a child's lungs Chest compressions, which keep the child's blood circulating This article discusses CPR in children ages 1 - 8. Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if a child's blood flow stops.
Health Information Encyclopedia CPR - infant 07/20/2013
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is a lifesaving procedure that is done when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. This may happen after drowning, suffocation, choking, or other injuries. CPR involves: Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to the lungs. Chest compressions, which keep the blood flowing. Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if blood flow stops. Therefore, you must continue these procedures until the infant's heartbeat and breathing return, or trained medical help arrives.
Health Information Encyclopedia Crush injury 01/08/2012
A crush injury occurs when a body part is subjected to a high degree of force or pressure, usually after being squeezed between two heavy objects. Damage related to crush injuries include: Bleeding Bruising Compartment syndrome (increased pressure in an arm or leg that causes serious muscle, nerve, blood vessel, and tissue damage) Fracture Laceration (open wound) Nerve injury Secondary infection Smashed fingers Wounds Considerations: Causes: Symptoms: First Aid: Stop bleeding by applying direct pressure.
Health Information Encyclopedia Cuts and puncture wounds 01/01/2013
Wound - cut or puncture; Open wound; Laceration; Puncture wound Considerations: Causes: Symptoms: Bleeding Problems with function or feeling below the wound site Pain Infection may occur with some cuts and puncture wounds.
Health Information Encyclopedia Dislocation 04/12/2012
Joint dislocation Considerations: It may be hard to tell a dislocated bone from a broken bone . Both are an emergency. You will need the same first aid treatment. Most dislocations can be treated in a doctor's office or emergency room. You may be given medicine to make you sleepy and to numb the area.
Health Information Encyclopedia Drug abuse first aid 07/04/2012
Overdose from drugs Considerations: Many street drugs have no therapeutic benefits. Any use of these drugs is a form of drug abuse. Legitimate medications can be abused by people who take more than the recommended dose or who intentionally take them with alcohol or other drugs.
Health Information Encyclopedia Ear emergencies 08/12/2012
Ear emergencies include objects in the ear canal and ruptured eardrums. Considerations: Children often stick objects into their ears. These objects can be difficult to remove because the ear canal is a tube of solid bone that is lined with thin, sensitive skin. Any object pressing against the skin can be very painful. In many cases, a doctor will need to use special instruments to examine the ear and safely remove the object. Causes: Pain, hearing loss, dizziness, ringing in the ear, and ruptured eardrums can be caused by: Inserting cotton swabs, toothpicks, pins, pens, or other objects into the ear.
Health Information Encyclopedia Electrical injury 01/01/2013
Electrical shock Considerations: The human body conducts electricity very well. That means, electricity passes very easily throughout the body. Direct contact with electrical current can be deadly. While some electrical burns look minor, there still may be serious internal damage, especially to the heart, muscles, or brain.
Health Information Encyclopedia Eye emergencies 02/07/2011
Eye emergencies include cuts, scratches, objects in the eye, burns , chemical exposure, and blunt injuries to the eye or eyelid. Since the eye is easily damaged, any of these conditions can lead to vision loss if left untreated. Considerations: It is important to get medical attention for all major eye or eyelid injuries and problems. Eye problems (such as a painful red eye) that are not due to injury still need urgent medical attention. Causes: A black eye is usually caused by direct trauma to the eye or face.
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