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Haemophilus influenza organism
Haemophilus influenza organism


Periorbital cellulitis
Periorbital cellulitis


Haemophilus influenza organism
Haemophilus influenza organism


Periorbital cellulitis

Definition:

Periorbital cellulitis is an infection of the eyelid or skin around the eye.



Alternative Names:

Preseptal cellulitis



Causes, incidence, and risk factors:

Periorbital cellulitis is more common in children under age 6.

It can occur after a scratch or bug bite around the eye allow germs or bacteria to cause an infection.

 It can be the result of minor injury to the area around the eye, or it may extend from another site of infection, such as sinusitis .

A stye or chalazion may also become worse and involve the eyelid.



Symptoms:

Symptoms include:

  • Redness around the eye or in the white part of the eye
  • Swelling of the eyelid, whites of eyes, and surrounding area

This condition does not usually affect your vision or cause eye pain.



Signs and tests:



Treatment:

The health care provider will examine the eye.

Antibiotics will be prescribed. They are usually taken by mouth. However, you may also receive a shot of antibiotics.

 



Support Groups:



Expectations (prognosis):

Periorbital cellulitis almost always improves with treatment. In rare cases, the infection may spread into the eye socket, the tissues that surround the eye, and the eyeball itself. This is called orbital cellulitis .



Complications:



Calling your health care provider:

Call your doctor right away if:

  • The eye becomes red or swollen
  • Symptoms get worse after treatment
  • Fever develops along with eye symptoms
  • It is difficult or painful to move the eye
  • The eye looks like it is sticking (bulging) out
  • There are vision changes

 



Prevention:



References:

Wald ER. Periorbital and orbital infections. In: Long SS, ed. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 89.

Olitsky SE, Hug D, Plummer LS, Stass-Isern M. Orbital infections. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 626.




Review Date: 12/6/2011
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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