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Bone pain or tenderness

Definition:

Bone pain or tenderness is aching or other discomfort in one or more bones.



Alternative Names:

Aches and pains in bones; Pain - bones



Considerations:

Bone pain is less common than joint pain and muscle pain . The source of bone pain may be clear, such as from a fracture following an accident. Other causes, such as cancer that spreads (metastasizes ) to the bone, may be less obvious.



Common Causes:

Bone pain can occur with injuries or conditions such as:

  • Cancer in the bones (primary malignancy)
  • Cancer that has spread to the bones (metastatic malignancy)
  • Disruption of blood supply (as in sickle cell anemia )
  • Infected bone (osteomyelitis )
  • Infection
  • Injury (trauma)
  • Leukemia
  • Loss of mineralization (osteoporosis )
  • Overuse
  • Toddler fracture (a type of stress fracture that occurs in toddlers)


Home Care:

See your health care provider if you have bone pain and do not know why it is occurring.



Call your health care provider if:

Take any bone pain or tenderness very seriously. Contact your health care provider if you have any unexplained bone pain.



What to expect at your health care provider's office:

Your health care provider will ask you about your medical history and do a physical exam.

Some questions that may be asked include:

  • Location of the pain
    • Is the pain in the forearms, hands, lower legs, or feet?
    • Is the pain in the main part of the arm or leg?
    • Is the pain in the heels (calcaneal pain)?
  • Time and pattern of the pain
    • When did you first notice the pain?
    • How long have you had the pain?
    • Is it getting worse?
  • What other symptoms do you have?

You may have the following tests:

Depending on the cause of the pain, your doctor may prescribe:

  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Hormones
  • Laxatives (if you develop constipation during prolonged bed rest)
  • Pain relievers

If pain is related to thinning bones, you may need treatment for osteoporosis .



References:

Choi L. Overuse injuries. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2009:chap 14.

Lorenzo JA, Canalis E, Raisz LG. Metabolic bone disease. In: Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, Kronenberg HM, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 29.




Review Date: 4/14/2013
Reviewed By: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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