Coronary artery disease or coronary heart disease is usually caused by a condition called atherosclerosis , which occurs when fatty material and a substance called plaque buildup on the walls of your arteries. This causes them to get narrow. As the coronary arteries narrow, blood flow to the heart can slow down or stop.

Learn more about Coronary Intervention


Symptoms of coronary artery disease may be very noticeable, but you can have the disease without suffering from any symptoms.

Chest pain or discomfort (angina ) is the most common symptom of coronary artery disease. You feel this pain when the heart is not getting enough blood or oxygen. How bad the pain is varies from person to person.

  • It may feel heavy or like someone is squeezing your heart. You feel it under your breast bone (sternum), but also in your neck, arms, stomach, or upper back.

  • The pain usually occurs with activity or motion, and goes away with rest or a medicine called nitroglycerin.

  • Other symptoms include shortness of breath and fatigue with activity (exertion).

Call your health care provider if your suffer from symptoms of coronary artery disease.


Follow your doctor's directions closely to help prevent coronary artery disease from getting worse. Goals for treating these conditions in those who have coronary artery disease may include:

  • LDL cholesterol level less than or equal to 100 mg/dL

  • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) levels less than or equal to 7%

  • Blood pressure less than or equal to 120/80 mmHg Procedures and surgeries often used to treat coronary artery disease include:

  • Angioplasty and stent placement , called percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs)

  • Coronary artery bypass surgery

  • Minimally invasive heart surgery

Texas Health is committed to providing quality care to heart and vascular patients throughout North Texas and beyond. While various technologies and services are discussed here, not all of our hospitals offer every treatment and diagnostic technology highlighted. Call 1-877-THR-WELL to learn more about heart and vascular services at a Texas Health hospital near you.

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