For men who wish to protect their fertility from aging, health treatments or vasectomy, sperm preservation is available.
Sperm Cryopreservation (Freezing)
Cryopreserved sperm can be used at a later date to achieve pregnancy through either intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF). When the sperm are thawed in the andrology lab, an embryologist analyzes the sperm count and motility. A "test thaw" may be requested by the patient's physician prior to insemination to confirm quality of the specimen. If poor sperm characteristics are identified or if very few frozen sperm samples are available, IVF may be the recommended option.
For patients in which other options for obtaining sperm have not been productive, testicular biopsy samples can be collected by a urologist or infertility specialist. The recovered sperm can be cryopreserved for future procedures or used immediately.