Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse is a heart problem in which the valve that
separates the upper and lower chambers of the left side of the
heart does not close properly. The mitral valve helps blood on
the left side of the heart flow in one direction. It closes to
keep blood from moving backward when the heart beats or
In most cases, mitral valve prolapse is harmless, and patients
usually do not know they have the problem. As much as 10 percent
of the population has some minor insignificant form of mitral
valve prolapse, but it does not generally affect lifestyle. In a
small number of cases, the prolapse can cause blood to leak
backward. This condition is called mitral regurgitation, which
may need to be treated with medication or surgery.
Many patients with mitral valve prolapse do not have symptoms.
Patients with symptoms may experience:
Learn more about Mitral Valve Repair
Most of the time, there are few or no symptoms, and treatment is
A person has severe mitral valve prolapse causing severe
regurgitation or worsening symptoms may need surgery to repair or
replace the valve.
Mitral valve prolapse may also be referred to as Barlow syndrome,
floppy mitral valve, myxomatous mitral valve, billowing mitral
valve, systolic click-murmur syndrome or prolapsing mitral
Texas Health is committed to providing quality care to heart
and vascular patients throughout North Texas and beyond. While
various technologies and services are discussed here, not all of
our hospitals offer every treatment and diagnostic technology
highlighted. Call 1-877-THR-WELL to learn more about heart and
vascular services at a Texas Health hospital near you.